A home purchase can be the biggest financial decision some of us might ever consider. Whether it's where you raise your family, a second vacation property or one of many rentals, purchasing real property is a complex financial transaction that requires multiple people working in concert to pull it all off.
Most of the participants are quite familiar. The most recognizable face in the exchange is the real estate agent. Next, the bank provides the financial capital needed to finance the transaction. And ensuring all details of the sale are completed and that a clear title passes from the seller to the buyer is the title company.
So, who's responsible for making sure the real estate is worth the amount being paid? This is where you meet the appraiser. We provide an unbiased opinion of what a buyer could expect to pay — or a seller receive — for a parcel of real estate, where both buyer and seller are informed parties. A licensed, certified, professional appraiser from ACME Appraisal will ensure, you as an interested party, are informed.
The inspection is where an appraisal starts
To ascertain an accurate status of the property, it's our duty to first perform a thorough inspection. We must actually see aspects of the property, such as the number of bedrooms and bathrooms, the location, amenities, etc., to ensure they indeed exist and are in the shape a typical buyer would expect them to be. The inspection often includes a sketch of the house, ensuring the square footage is accurate and conveying the layout of the property. Most importantly, we identify any obvious amenities - or defects - that would have an impact on the value of the property.
Once the site has been inspected, we use two or three approaches to determining the value of the property: sales comparison and, in the case of a rental property, an income approach.
Here, we use information on local construction costs, the cost of labor and other elements to derive how much it would cost to replace the property being appraised. This value commonly sets the maximum on what a property would sell for. It's also the least used method.
Analyzing Comparable Sales
Appraisers become very familiar with the communities in which they appraise. They thoroughly understand the value of specific features to the homeowners of that area. Then, the appraiser looks up recent sales in close proximity to the subject and finds properties which are 'comparable' to the real estate at hand. Using knowledge of the value of certain items such as fireplaces, room layout, appliance upgrades, extra bathrooms or bedrooms, or quality of construction, we adjust the comparable properties so that they are more accurately in line with the features of subject property.
An opinion of what the subject might sell for can only be determined once all differences between the comps and the subject have been evaluated. At ACME Appraisal, we are an authority when it comes to knowing the worth of real estate features in Bluffton and Allen County neighborhoods. This approach to value is usually given the most consideration when an appraisal is for a home purchase.
Valuation Using the Income Approach
In the case of income producing properties - rental houses for example - we may use a third way of valuing a house. In this situation, the amount of income the real estate produces is factored in with other rents in the area for comparable properties to derive the current value.
The Bottom Line
Analyzing the data from all approaches, the appraiser is then ready to state an estimated market value for the property in question. The estimate of value at the bottom of the appraisal report is not always what's being paid for the property even though it is likely the best indication of what a property is worth. There are always mitigating factors such as seller motivation, urgency or 'bidding wars' that may adjust an offer or listing price up or down. Regardless, the appraised value is typically used as a guideline for lenders who don't want to loan a buyer more money than they could get back in the event they had to put the property on the market again. It all comes down to this, an appraiser from ACME Appraisal will guarantee you get the most fair and balanced property value, so you can make wise real estate decisions.